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Marihuana najpopularniejszym narkotykiem w Europie

W Europie codziennie zażywa się ponad 350 kg kokainy, a najpopularniejszym narkotykiem pozostaje marihuana – wynika z analizy zawartości ścieków 19 europejskich miast, którą opublikowano w czwartek w czasopiśmie naukowym „Science of the Total Environment”.

Badanie przeprowadzono w marcu 2011 r., kiedy przez tydzień analizowano zawartość ścieków z oczyszczalni w miastach zamieszkanych łącznie przez 15 mln osób w 11 krajach, m.in. w Londynie, Paryżu, Barcelonie i Mediolanie.

Naukowcy zastosowali kilkanaście markerów, którymi oznacza się obecność w moczu narkotyków takich, jak kokaina, ecstasy, amfetamina, metamfetamina czy marihuana. W każdym z miast obliczono średnie spożycie danej substancji na jednego mieszkańca i porównano otrzymane rezultaty.

Naszym celem było przedstawienie prawdziwych i wiarygodnych informacji dotyczących konsumpcji używek w Europie. Badając ścieki, możemy ocenić wielkość rynku narkotykowego w danym mieście, a także w krótkim czasie stwierdzić zmiany w spożyciu konkretnej substancji, np. po przeprowadzeniu przez policję akcji antynarkotykowej” – napisał we wstępie do analizy Kevin Thomas, szef koordynującego projekt Norweskiego Instytutu Badań Wody (NIVA).

Z badań wynika, że najwięcej kokainy spożywa się w Europie Zachodniej i Środkowej. Najwyższe średnie spożycie tego narkotyku stwierdzono w Antwerpii, za którą uplasowały się Amsterdam i Walencja. Na podstawie otrzymanych rezultatów zakłada się, że w Europie codziennie zażywa się 355 kg kokainy, co stanowi ok. 10-15 proc. światowego spożycia tej substancji.

Ecstasy jest najpopularniejsze w Londynie oraz w holenderskich miastach – Amsterdamie, Eindhoven i Utrechcie, podczas gdy obecności tego narkotyku nie stwierdzono w ogóle szwedzkich miastach. Spożycie kokainy i ecstasy było na ogół dużo wyższe podczas weekendów.

Marihuana jest najpopularniejsza w Holandii, gdzie jej legalne spożywanie stanowi dużą atrakcję dla odwiedzających kraj obcokrajowców. Wysokie spożycie tej substancji stwierdzono również w Paryżu i Barcelonie. Z kolei jej wysoka popularność w Hiszpanii może zdaniem ekspertów wynikać ze strategicznego dla handlu narkotykami położenia kraju.

W całej Europie spożywa się najwięcej narkotyków z grupy, do której należą amfetamina, metamfetamina i inne narkotyki pokrewne.

Analizy spożycia narkotyków są ważnym instrumentem w walce z narkomanią. Dotychczas w tym celu używano głównie ankiet, których wyniki mogą być jednak wypaczone ze względu na brak kompletnych informacji, zwłaszcza w zakresie nielegalnego handlu. Badanie ścieków daje pełniejsze, bardziej obrazowe dane. Na tak dużą skalę zostało przeprowadzone w Europie po raz pierwszy.

via: PAP

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  56. avatar

    Amfetamina też nie jest narkotykiem :)

  57. avatar

    Marihuana nie jest narkotykiem…

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